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2012年凯时app英语(一)语法基础考点一

2012年凯时app英语(一)语法基础考点一

 

  凯时app英语(一)英语语法基础考点:形容词w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词用来修饰名词或代词,表示人或事物的性质,状态,和特征。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词在句中作定语,表语,宾语,补语。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  She is a good student,and she works hard.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  她是一个好学生,她学习努力。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  This bike is expensive.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这辆自行车很贵。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  I am sorry,I'm busy now.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  对不起,我现在很忙。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Have you got everything ready for the meeting?w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  你为这次会议做好准备吗?w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词在句中的位置:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词作定语一般放在被修饰的名词之前。如果有两个或两个以上的形容词修饰一个名词时,则由它们和被修饰的名词之间的密切程度而定,越密切的形容词越靠近名词。如果几个形容词的密切程度差不多则按音节少的形容词放在前面, 音节多的形容词放在后面。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  英语单词中,something,anything,nothing等不定代词被形容词修饰时,形容词放在名词后面。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  I have something important to tell you.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  我有重要的事要告诉你。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Is there anything interesting in the film.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  电影里有什么有趣的内容吗?w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  There is nothing dangerous here.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这儿一点都不危险。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  由两个或两个以上的词组成的形容词词组修饰名词时须放在名词之后。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  This is the book easy to read.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这是一本容易读的书。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  用and或or连接起来的两个形容词作定语时一般把它们放在被修饰的名词后面。起进一步解释的作用。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Everybody,man and woman,old and young,should attend the meeting.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  每一个人,男女老少,都应该参加会议。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  You can take any box away,big or small.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这些箱子,不管大小,你都可以拿走。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词的比较级和最高级:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  绝大多数形容词有三种形式,原级,比较级和最高级,以表示形容词说明的性质在程度上的不同。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词的原级:形容词的原级形式就是词典中出现的形容词的原形。例如:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  poor tall great glad badw23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词的比较级和最高级:形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在形容词的原级形式的基础上变化的。分为规则变化和不规则变化。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  规则变化如下:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1)单音节形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在词尾加-er和-est构成。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  great (原级) greater(比较级) greatest(最高级)w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  2)以-e结尾的单音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加-r和-st构成。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  wide (原级) wider (比较级) widest (最高级)w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  3)少数以-y,-er,-ow,-ble结尾的双音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加-er和-est构成。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  clever(原级) cleverer(比较级) cleverest(最高级)w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  4)以-y结尾,但-y前是辅音字母的形容词的比较级和最高级是把-y去掉,加上-ier和-est构成。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  happy (原形) happier (比较级) happiest (最高级)w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  5)以一个辅音字母结尾其前面的元音字母发短元音的形容词的比较级和最高级是双写该辅音字母然后再加-er和-est。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  big (原级) bigger (比较级) biggest (最高级)w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  6)双音节和多音节形容词的比较级和最高级需用more 和most 加在形容词前面来构成。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  beautiful (原级) difficult (原级)w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  more beautiful (比较级) more difficult (比较级)w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  most beautiful (最高级) most difficult (最高级)w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  常用的不规则变化的形容词的比较级和最高级:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  原级      比较级       最高级w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  good      better        bestw23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  many      more         mostw23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  much      more         mostw23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  bad      worse        worstw23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  little       less          leastw23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  ill        worse        worstw23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  far       farther(further)   farthest(furthest)w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词前如加less和lest则表示“较不”和“最不”w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  important 重要w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  less important 较不重要w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  lest important 最不重要w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词比较级的用法:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词的比较级用于两个人或事物的比较,其结构形式如下:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  主语+谓语(系动词)+ 形容词比较级+than+ 对比成分。也就是,含有形容词比较级的主句+than+从句。注意从句常常省去意义上和主句相同的部分,而只剩下对比的成分。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Our teacher is taller than we are.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  凯时app老师的个子比凯时app的高。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  It is warmer today than it was yesterday.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  今天的天气比昨天暖和。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  This picture is more beautiful than that one.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这张照片比那张照片漂亮。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  This meeting is less important than that one.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这次会议不如那次会议重要。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The sun is much bigger than the moon.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  太阳比月亮大得多。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词最高级的用法:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  形容词最高级用于两个以上的人和物进行比较,其结构形式为:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  主语+谓语(系动词)+the+形容词最高级+名词+表示范围的短语或从句。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  She is the best student in her class.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  她是班上最好的学生。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Shanghai is one of the biggest cities in China.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  上海是中国最大城市之一。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  This is the biggest apple I have ever met.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这是我见到的最大的苹果。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Tom is the tallest boy in his basketball team.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  汤姆是他们篮球队中个子最高的孩子。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  有关形容词的几个特殊用法:w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  most 同形容词连用而不用the,表示 “极,很,非常, 十分”。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  It's most dangerous to be here.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  在这儿太危险。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  I cannot do it,it's most difficult.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  我干不了这件事,太难了。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  “The+形容词比较级……,the+形容词比较级……”表示 “ 越…… 就越……”。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The more you study,the more you know.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  你学的越多,就知道的越多。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The more I have,the more I want.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  我越有就越想要有。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The more,the better.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  越多越好。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  “ 形容词比较级+ and + 形容词比较级 ”, 表示 “ 越来越…… ”。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  It's getting hotter and hotter.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  天气越来越热了。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  It's pity he is getting poorer and poorer.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  真可怜他越来越穷了。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The computer is cheaper and cheaper.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  计算机越来越便宜。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The more and more people focus on the meeting next year.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  越来越多的人关注明年的会议。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  主语+谓语(系动词)+as+形容词原形+as+从句。表示两者对比相同。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  This box is as big as mine.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这个盒子和我的一样大。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  This coat is as cheap as that one.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这件衣服同那件衣服一样便宜。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  I study English as hard as my brother.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  我同我兄弟一样学习努力。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the + 形容词 表示某种人。w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  He always helps the poor.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

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  I like to have a talk with the young.w23湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

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