了解湖南/长沙凯时app资讯,从湖南凯时app网开始!湖南凯时app报名湖南凯时app本科
您当前的位置:凯时app > 校园动态

2012年凯时app英语(一)语法基础考点二

2012年凯时app英语(一)语法基础考点二

 

  凯时app英语(一)英语语法基础考点:动词的语态0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  语态是动词的一种形式,它用来表示句中主语同谓语动词之间的关系。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  英语有两种语态,主动语态和被动语态,主动语态表示主语是谓语动词动作的执行者,被动语态表示主语是谓语动词动作的承受者。例如:0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  I have repaired the radio.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  我修好了收音机。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The radio has been repaired.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  收音机被修好了。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The students cleaned the classroom.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  学生们打扫了教室。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The classroom was cleaned by the students.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  教室被学生们打扫了。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态的构成:0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  be + 过去分词0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  A building was damaged by the storm.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  暴风雨毁坏了一座建筑物。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Our plate was made in China.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  凯时app的盘子是中国生产的。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  My bike was stolen.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  我的自行车被盗了。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  常用的被动语态的时态变化如下,以ask为例:0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  一般进行完成0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  现在I am asked,I am being asked, I have been asked0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  过去I was asked,I was being asked,I had been asked0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  将来I shall be asked,I shall have been asked0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  过去将来I shall be asked0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态的疑问句是把助动词提前到句首。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Has your TV set been repaired?0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  你的电视机修了吗?0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Was the kite broken?0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  风筝破了吗?0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Has the work been done?0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  工作结束了吗?0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态的否定式是在助动词后面加not。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The letter has not been sent out.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  信还没有发出去。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The little boy has not been found out.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  小孩还没有找到。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The cap has not been mended yet.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  帽子还没有补好。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Their money has not been sent to them.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  他们的钱还没有送到他们手中。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态的用法:0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态表示一种主语和谓语之间的关系,当主语是动作的承受者时, 就需要用到被动语态,汉语中所说的,“汽车被撞坏了”“钢笔被修好了” 等句子就是一种被动语态的句子,在汉语中常用“被”“由”等词来表示这种被动语态。在英语中则用动词的被动语态形式来表示。被动语态中还可用by 短语加在句后表示被动语态中动作的发出者。也就是谓语动词动作的逻辑上的主语,被动语态常用在下列情况。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1)不知道谁是谓语动词动作的执行者时,或者没有必要说出谁是执行者时。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The glass was broken last night.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  玻璃昨天被打破了。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  His bike has been stolen.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  他的自行车被偷了。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  He was asked to go there once more.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  他被要求再去那儿一次。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The bag was put into the box.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  袋子放在了箱子里。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  2)为了强调或突出动作的承受者时。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The plan has been sent to the headmaster.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  计划已经送给校长了。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Kilinton was elected the President of U.S.A.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  克林顿被选为美国总统。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  Five people were hurt in the explosion.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  五个人在这次爆炸中受伤。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  A new building was set up in a short time.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  新大楼短期就建成了。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  3)被动语态也可以说出动作的执行者,构成如下:0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  动作承受者+ be+ 过去分词+by+ 动作执行者。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The picture was praised by everybody.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  照片得到了大家的好评。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The classroom was cleaned by us.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  教室被凯时app打扫过。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The bridge was built by workers from Shanxi.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这座桥是山西的工人建的。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The little boy was found by the police.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  小孩被警察找到了。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  有关被动语态的几个问题:0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1)“be + 过去分词” 并非都是被动语态,系动词be,feel,seem,look等词后面的过去分词已转化为形容词,作表语用,表示某种状态。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  I'm interested in mathematics.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  我对数学感兴趣。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  He seems unsatisfied with his work.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  他看起来对他的工作不满意。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  We are determined to catch up with the developed countries.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  凯时app决心要赶上发达国家。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The song is called “Don't forget me”。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  歌曲的名字叫“勿忘我”。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  某些动词用主动语态来表示被动含义。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The food tastes good.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  食物很香。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  It smells strange.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这有怪味。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The stone feels very cold.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  石头摸起来很冷。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The woman's clothes sell well.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  女装卖的快。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  3)一般情况下,及物动词才能构成被动语态,但有些不及物动词组成短语后,也可构成被动语态。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  He was looked down upon because of his egoism.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  他因自私而受人冷落。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The children were taken good care of in the the orphanage.0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  孩子们在孤儿院受到了良好的照顾。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态的句子中的主语是动作的承受者,即行为的对象。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态的构成是由助动词be加上及物动词的过去分词。be的人称和数要和句中主语一致,并表现出时态特征。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  凡是不愿或不必说出主动者时,使用被动语态。此外,在强调或突出动作对象时,常使用被动语态。0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

 0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

0tb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

 

2012年凯时app英语(一)语法基础考点二

    湖南凯时app网——致力于打造湖南凯时app网第一网,以努力服务于广大湖南凯时app学子、提供最全的湖南凯时app资讯为己任,发布湖南凯时app最新的新闻资讯,提供湖南凯时app专科湖南凯时app本科湖南凯时app报名湖南凯时app成绩查询等综合信息

 

湖南凯时app
相关文章
    无相关信息
湖南网站主页
湖南凯时app政策
凯时app30年大事
湖南凯时app专业
湖南凯时app问答
名家访谈
湖南凯时app故事
湖南凯时app院校
湖南凯时app大纲
凯时app复习方法
凯时app笔记串讲
凯时app应试技巧
湖南凯时app真题
湖南凯时app就业
湖南论文指导
湖南凯时app实践
湖南凯时app学位
凯时app成绩查询
凯时app考籍查询
凯时app学历查询


咨询QQ:137847917
13548661633(微信同号)

w66利来国际 w66利来国际 w66利来国际 w66利来国际 w66利来国际