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凯时app《英语(二)》语法:动词的语态

凯时app《英语(二)》语法:动词的语态

 

  语态是动词的一种形式,它用来表示句中主语同谓语动词之间的关系。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  英语有两种语态,主动语态和被动语态。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  主动语态表示主语是谓语动词动作的执行者,被动语态表示主语是谓语动词动作的承受者。例如:Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  i have repaired the radio.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  我修好了收音机。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the radio has been repaired.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  收音机被修好了。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the students cleaned the classroom.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  学生们打扫了教室。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the classroom was cleaned by the students.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  教室被学生们打扫了。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态的构成:Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  be + 过去分词Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  a building was damaged by the storm.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  暴风雨毁坏了一座建筑物。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  our plate was made in china.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  凯时app的盘子是中国生产的。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  my bike was stolen.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  我的自行车被盗了。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  常用的被动语态的时态变化如下,以 ask 为例:Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  一般 进行 完成Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  现在i am asked, i am being asked, i have been askedTlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  过去i was asked,i was being asked,i had been askedTlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  将来i shall be asked, i shall have been askedTlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  过去将来i shall be askedTlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态的疑问句是把助动词提前到句首。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  has your tv set been repaired?Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  你的电视机修了吗?Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  was the kite broken?Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  风筝破了吗?Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  has the work been done?Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  工作结束了吗?Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态的否定式是在助动词后面加 not.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the letter has not been sent out.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  信还没有发出去。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the little boy has not been found out.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  小孩还没有找到。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the cap has not been mended yet.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  帽子还没有补好。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  their money has not been sent to them.Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  他们的钱还没有送到他们手中。Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

 Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

Tlb湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

 

凯时app《英语(二)》语法:动词的语态

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