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凯时app《英语(二)》语法:被动语态的用法

凯时app《英语(二)》语法:被动语态的用法

 

  被动语态的用法:PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  被动语态表示一种主语和谓语之间的关系,当主语是动作的承受者时,就需要用到被动语态,汉语中所说的,“汽车被撞坏了”“钢笔被修好了”等句子就是一种被动语态的句子,在汉语中常用“被”“由”等词来表示这种被动语态。在英语中则用动词的被动语态形式来表示。被动语态中还可用by短语加在句后表示被动语态中动作的发出者。也就是谓语动词动作的逻辑上的主语,被动语态常用在下列情况。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1)不知道谁是谓语动词动作的执行者时,或者没有必要说出谁是执行者时。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the glass was broken last night.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  玻璃昨天被打破了。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  his bike has been stolen.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  他的自行车被偷了。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  he was asked to go there once more.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  他被要求再去那儿一次。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the bag was put into the box.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  袋子放在了箱子里。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  2)为了强调或突出动作的承受者时。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the plan has been sent to the headmaster.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  计划已经送给校长了。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  kilinton was elected the president of u.s.a.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  克林顿被选为美国总统。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  five people were hurt in the explosion.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  五个人在这次爆炸中受伤。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  a new building was set up in a short time.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  新大楼短期就建成了。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  3)被动语态也可以说出动作的执行者,构成如下:PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  动作承受者+be+过去分词+by+动作执行者。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the picture was praised by everybody.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  照片得到了大家的好评。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the classroom was cleaned by us.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  教室被凯时app打扫过。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the bridge was built by workers from shanxi.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  这座桥是山西的工人建的。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  the little boy was found by the police.PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  小孩被警察找到了。PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

 PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

PUr湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

 

凯时app《英语(二)》语法:被动语态的用法

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