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凯时app英语(二)章节复习资料48

凯时app英语(二)章节复习资料48

 

  二.宾语从句 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  在复合句中用作宾语的从句叫做宾语从句。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1. 宾语从句常由that引导,在口语中常省略。当主句中谓语动词是现在或将来时态时,从句中谓语动词不受主句中谓语动词时态的影响,按需要可以使用任何时态。如: Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  She says (that) she works from Monday to Friday. 从句是一般现在时 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  She says (that) she will leave a message on his desk. 从句是一般将来时 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  当主句谓语是过去时态,从句中的时态一般用表示过去的某种时态。如: Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  He said there were no classes yesterday afternoon. 从句是一般过去时 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  He said (that) he was going to take care of the baby. 从句是过去将来时 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  He said (that) they were having a meeting at that time. 从句是过去进行时 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  当主句谓语是过去时态,而宾语从句叙述某一客观真理(事实)时,宾语从句的时态则用一般现在时。如: Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  The teacher told us(that) nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it. Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  老师告诉凯时app世上无难事只怕有心人。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  He said that light travels much faster than sound. 他说光传播比声音传播快得多。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  2. 否定转移 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1) 将think, believe, suppose, expect, fancy, imagine等动词后面宾语从句的否定词转移到主句中,即主句的谓语动词用否定式,而从句的谓语动词用肯定式。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  I don't think I know you. 我想我并不认识你。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  I don't believe he will come. 我相信他不回来。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  注意:若谓语动词为hope,宾语从句中的否定词不能转移。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  I hope you weren't ill. 我想你没有生病吧。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  2) 将seem, appear 等后的从句的否定转移到前面。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  It doesn't seem that they know where to go.看来他们不知道往哪去。 Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  It doesn't appear that we'll have a sunny day tomorrow. 看来凯时app明天不会碰上好天气。  Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

Sww湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

 

凯时app英语(二)章节复习资料48

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