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凯时app英语(二)章节复习资料49

凯时app英语(二)章节复习资料49

 

  三.表语从句 Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  表语从句在复合句中作表语的名词性从句,放在系动词之后,一般结构是“主语+连系动词+表语从句”。可以接表语从句的连系动词有be, look, remain, seem等。引导表语从句的that常可省略。另外,常用的还有the reason is that… 和It is because 等结构。例如: Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1) The question is whether we can make good preparation in such a short time.Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  2) This is why we can't get the support of the people.Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  3) But the fact remains that we are behind the other classes.Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  4) The reason he is late for school is that he missed the early bus.Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  四. 同位语从句Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  同位语从句就是在复合句中作名词的同位语的名词性从句。 Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1.同位语从句的功能 Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  同位语从句对于名词进一步解释,说明名词的具体内容,一般由that引导,例如: Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1) The king's decision that the prisoner would be set free surprised all the people. Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  2) The order that all the soldiers should stay still is given by the general.Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  2.同位语从句与定语从句的区别Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  (1) 定语从句中的that既代替先行词,同时以在从句中作某个成分(主语或宾语),而同位语从句中的that是连词,只起连接主句与从句的作用,不充当句中任何成分。 Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  (2) 定语从句是形容词性的,其功能是修饰先行词,对先行词加以限定,描述定的性质或特征;同位语从句是名词性的,其功能是对名词进行补充说明。例如: Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  1) The news that he told me is that Tom would go abroad next year.(他告诉我的消息是汤姆明年将出国。)(第一个that引导的从句是定语从句,that在从句中作宾语) Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

  2)The news that Tom would go abroad is told by him.(汤姆将出国的消息是他讲的。)(同位语从句,that在句中不作任何成分)  Key words and phrases  Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

Ic1湖南凯时app网_湖南凯时app本科_湖南凯时app报名_凯时app

 

凯时app英语(二)章节复习资料49

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